VOA英文口語

名人認證
2016年8月4日 15:14

comply、comform、abide、adhere的區別和用法:

【1】comply [kəm'plai] v.遵守;順從,遵從;答應
  英文釋義:(看英文解釋比較便於對比)
act in accordance with someone's rules, commands, or wishes
(一般是遵從法律、裁決、規定;作「答應」講,後跟要求條件或者人)

【2】conform [kən'fɔ:m] v.符合;遵照;適應環境(*區別)
英文釋義:
1. be similar, be in line with
2. adapt or conform oneself to new or different conditions
(一般用於遵照具體的東西,如遵照傳統意思,遵照XXX的意願)
(多了一層適應新環境而發展的意思)

【3】abide [ə'baid] v.忍受,容忍;停留,遵照
   英文釋義:
   1. dwell(居住,存在於)
   2. put up with something or somebody unpleasant
  (做遵照講,多為遵守先前的宗旨,包括前人的意願、依照宗旨作出的裁決)
  (多了一層「忍受某人/某物」的意思)

【4】adhere [əd'hiə] v.堅持;依附;粘著;追隨
   英文釋義:
   1. be compatible or in accordance with
     E.g:You must adhere to the rules
   2. follow through or carry out a plan without deviation
     E.g:They adhered to their plan
   3. come or be in close contact with;
    stick or hold together and resist separation
   4. be a devoted follower or supporter
     E.g:The residents of this village adhered to Catholicism
   5. be loyal to
   6. stick to firmly
     E.g:Will this wallpaper adhere to the wall?
   (所表達的意思更多)