英語語法總結:冠詞

一、 定冠詞用法:

1.用於雙方都知道的名詞前:Please clean the classroom.

2.用於單數名詞前,表示一類人或物:
The horse is a useful animal.(馬是有用的動物)
This is a very hard job for the teacher.(對於老師這是一項很難的工作。)

3.用於世界上獨一無二的東西前:the sun, the spring.

4.用於方位名詞前:People in the west like coffee very much.

5.用於樂器名詞前:play the violin

6.用於計量單位前:Gasoline is sold by the gallon.

7.形容詞最高級和序數詞前:
This is the easiest way to work out the problem.
He came to see me for the first time.

8.用於江河湖海山脈名稱前:the Pacific,the Thames,the Rocky Mountains

9.雜誌、報刊名稱前:the Times,the Overseas Digest

10.用於建築物、和組織前:the White House, the Ministry of Education

11.用於姓氏複數前,表「某某夫婦,某某一家人:the Smiths,the Greens

12.用於形容詞前,表一類人 / 物:the rich, the blind

13.用於 English,Chinese,French 等名詞前,表「全體國民」 :the English,the Chinese

二、 不定冠詞:
不定冠詞"a"用來表示可數名詞的單數形式,用於輔音音素前,an用於母音音素前。
如:a person, a day, an hour, an old man...

以下情況不用冠詞:

1.三餐前 breakfast,lunch,supper, ... Have you had lunch?

2.體育運動項目前 play chess,... I have no interest in tennis.

3.在由 by引出的交通工具前 by air(乘飛機),by car

4.在稱呼或職位前 He has been elected president of the committee.

5.習慣用語前 at school,day by day,at table(在吃飯),go to church(做禮拜)...