VOA英文口語

名人認證
2016年9月20日 16:28

代詞總結:該用單數還是複數?

代詞的單、複數形式的選擇通常取決於它們的指示對象,即先行項的單、複數形式。舉例:
All members of the group have already made their decisions. 這裏,all members是指示對象(先行項),所以其後的代詞選用their。關於代詞單、複數形式的選擇,我們還需要注意以下幾點:

1. 先行項為any-,some-等複合詞時:語法一致原則,代詞一般用單數:

Anybody can come here if he is interested.

注:當先行項為everybody,everyone時,代詞一般用複數更為自然。

Everyone was clapping their hands.

當先行項為everything,anything,something,nothing時,代詞用單數。

Everything in the bag is broken, isn』t it?

2. 先行項為並列結構時:意義一致原則。

My friend and roommate has done well in her exam, so she is happy now.

My friend and roommate have agreed to lend their bikes to me.

3. 先行項為集體名詞時:意義一致原則。

The team has won its first game.

The team are now preparing themselves for the next game.

3. 先行項為「...+each」時:

若each在動詞后,代詞則為單數:They had each his own problem.

若each在動詞前,代詞則為複數:They each had their problems.