VOA英文口語

名人認證
2016年9月23日 14:16

英語代詞「me」的那些特殊用法:

  1.在非正式書面語或口語里,常用me代替主格形式的I;這種用法越來越普遍。例如:

  A:Who's there? B:It's me.

  He thought Richard to be me.

  It's me who runs the school.

  It isn't me that makes fun of him.

  順便一提的是,在無謂語動詞的省略句中也常用me代替主格形式的I:

  A:I like watching TV. B:Me, too.

  A:Who wants a lift to the station? B:Me!

  2.在以下狀語從句中,正式場合常用I,非正式場合或口語里常用me。例如:

  He runs faster than I/me.

  You are as tall as I/me.

  They will go but I/me.

  3.在非正式英語或口語里,me可代替所有格的my,在句中作定語。例如:

  I'll go to see me old friend.

  It's me mother who's having it.

  當me代替my時,它還可作V-ing分詞的邏輯主語(即使在正式英語里,若句子較長時,為了讀起來流利順口,也常用me代替my):

  He disapproved of me coming.

  以上用法的me一般不位於句首;同時,當V-ing分詞是being時,最好還是用所有格的my:

  Please excuse my being late.

  值得一提的是,英國人常說My foot!而美國人常說Me foot!

  4.在分詞的獨立主格結構中,me可代替主格形式的I,作邏輯主語。例如:

  They drove very fast, me left far behind.

  She lifted the boy, me helping, and carried him to a hospital.

  5.在口語或方言中,me可代替反身代詞myself;這是古英語用法的遺留,目前主要見於美國英語。例如:

  I laid me down.

  I want to get me a car.

  If I don't respect me, nobody else will.

  6.以「…and me」或「me and…」的形式在句子中作主語或同位語。例如:

  You and me know what we know, don't we?

  Me and Jack were in the bar last night.

  We study hard, me and my classmates.

  Let's you and me get to work.

  7.一些感嘆詞與me連用,通常表示不愉快或不幸,如驚訝、害怕、煩惱、痛苦或其他激動情緒。例如:

  Ah me!

  Bless me!

  Dear me!

  Goodness me!

  Poor me!

  8.Me用於複合詞let-me-down(掃興)、touch-me-not(鳳仙 花)、pick-me-up(興奮劑)等。這類複合詞的含義一般可從其包含的成分推斷出來,同時習慣用連字號。例如:

  John stopped at a drugstore for a pick-me-up after working three hours overtime.

  9.Me有時是為了加強語氣,使文字描寫更為生動;它有時只是為了充實句子結構,其本身並無實意。例如:

  I'm not going today, me.

  Me, I like fighting, too.

  He enters me his name in the book.

  Give me your present to her mother.

  上面后兩例中的me可去掉,並不影響句子的結構和意義。