反意疑問句是英語語法中的一個難點,下面學習18種特殊的反意疑問句~#四六級、考研英語精華#

1.祈使句。祈使句后一般加上will you或won't you構成反意疑問句,用will you 多表示「請求」,用won't you 多表示提醒對方注意。例如:

Look at the blackboard, will you/won't you? 看黑板,好嗎?

Let引導的祈使句有兩種情況:

1)Let's…,后的反意疑問句用shall we或shan't we。例如:

Let's go home, shall we/shan't we? 回家吧,好嗎?

還可以用may I來表示徵求對方的同意或許可。

2)Let us/me…后的反意疑問句用will you或won't you。例如:

Let me have a try, will you/won't you? 讓我試一試,行嗎?

2.感嘆句。感嘆句后加反意疑問句時,其反意疑問句需用be的一般現在時態的否定形式。例如:

What fine weather, isn't it? 多好的天氣啊,是吧?

3.當陳述部分謂語動詞是need, dare, used to,且這些詞被用作實義動詞時,其反意疑問句需用do的適當形式。例如:

He needs help, doesn't he?他需要幫助,是嗎?

4.陳述部分主、謂語是I am…時,反意疑問句用aren't I 或ain't I ,而不是am not I (可用am I not)。例如:

I'm working now, ain't I? 我在工作,是嗎?

5.陳述部分的主語是everything, nothing, anything或something 時,反意疑問句的主語應用代詞it。例如:

Something is wrong with my radio, isn't it? 我的收音機出毛病了,是吧?

6.陳述部分的主語是 everybody, everyone, anybody, anyone, somebody, someone, nobody, no one, none, neither 時, 其反意疑問句的主語需用複數代詞they。例如:

Everyone is here, aren't they? 大家都到了,是嗎?

No one knows about it, do they? 沒有人知道這件事,對嗎?

7.陳述部分的主語是指示代詞this或that時,反意疑問句的主語用it,當陳述部分的主語是指示代詞these或those時,其反意疑問句的主語用they。例如:

This is a plane, isn't it? 這是一架飛機,是嗎?

These are grapes,aren't they? 這些是葡萄,是嗎?

8.陳述部分的主語是不定代詞one時,反意疑問句的主語可以用one,也可用you(美式英語用he)。例如:

One should be ready to help others, shouldn't one? 每個人都應該樂於助人,是吧?

9.當陳述部分含有以下這些含有否定意義的詞時:few, little, seldom,hardly, never, not, no, no one, nobody, nothing, none, neither等,其反意疑問句需用肯定結構。例如:

He is never late for school, is he? 他上學從不遲到,是嗎?

10.當陳述部分所含的否定詞是通過加前綴或後綴構成的,其後的反意疑問句依然用否定結構。例如:

It is unfair, isn't it? 這不公平,是?在陳述部分作動詞的賓語時,其反意疑問句用肯定結構,也可以用否定結構。例如:

You got nothing from him, did you? 你從他那兒什麼也沒得到,是嗎?

12.當陳述部分主語是從句、不定式(短語)、動詞-ing形式時,反意疑問句的主語應該用it。例如:

What you need is more important, isn't it?你需要的東西更重要,是吧?

13.當陳述部分含I think (believe, suppose…) that… 結構時,其反意疑問句須與從句的主、謂語保持一致,注意主句的主語必須是第一人稱。例如:

I don't think he will come, will he? 我認為他不會來,對嗎?

14.have(has)不是表示「有」的意思,並在句中做謂語時,其反意疑問句的助動詞要用do, does, did。例如:

They had a meeting just now,didn't they? 他們剛才開了個會,是嗎?

15.陳述部分有have to 時,其反意疑問句要用助動詞的否定形式。例如:

You have to water the vegetables every day, don't you? 你每天都要澆菜,對吧?

16.陳述部分是there be句型時,其反意疑問句中要用there。例如:

There was a hospital here, wasn't there? 過去這兒有家醫院,是嗎?

17.陳述部分有had better時,反意疑問句中要用hadn't。例如:

We had better go to school at once, hadn't we? 我們現在最好馬上去上學,好嗎?

18.當陳述部分含有情態動詞must時,我們便要分析一下must的含義。如果must 作「一定;要;必須」講,反意疑問句須用mustn't或needn't;而當must作推測意義「一定是;必定」講時,反意疑問句則需根據must后的動詞原形選用相應的形式。例如:

He must work hard at physics, mustn't he? 他必須努力學物理,是吧?

Tom must be at home,isn't he? 湯姆一定在家,是吧?