關係代詞which、that的用法和區別~#四六級、考研英語精華#

which和that都可指代物,有時候可以互換,有時卻只能用其一:

一、只用that不能用which的情況: 

(1)先行詞被序數詞或形容詞最高級所修飾,或本身是序數詞、基數詞、形容詞最高級時:

The most important thing that we should do is to study hard.
我們要做的最重要的事情就是努力學習。

(2)被修飾的先行詞為all/ any/ much/ many/ everything/ anything/ none/the one等不定代詞時:

Is there any thing that you want to buy?你有什麼東西要買嗎?

(3)先行詞被the only/ the very/ the same/the last/ little/ few等詞修飾時:

This is the same book that I lost.這就是我丟的那本書。

(3)先行詞里同時含有人和物時:

I can remember the persons and some pictures that I saw in the room.

我能清楚記得我在那個房間所見到的人和一些照片。

(4)避免重複:

Which is the pen that belongs to you?哪支筆是你的?

(5)主句是there be結構:

There is a pen on the desk that belongs to Tom.桌子上那支筆是湯姆的。

二、只用which,而不用that的情況:

(1)先行詞為that/ those時:

What』s that which is under the desk?在桌子底下的那些東西是什麼?

(2)關係代詞前有介詞時:

This is the city in which he lives.這是他生活的城市。

(3)引導非限制性定語從句:

Tom passed the exam, which made us surprised.湯姆通過了考試,這使我們很驚訝。