too和enough的表達解析~#四六級、考研英語精華#

too和enough皆可修飾名詞、形容詞和副詞。Too表示的是程度深或數量多。Enough則意味著程度或數量超出所需要的範圍。這裡是一些例子:

She's too sad these days. I wonder what's wrong.
她這些天都太悲傷了。我想知道發生了什麼。

I don't have enough sugar. Let's go to the supermarket.
我沒有足夠的糖。我們去超市買吧。

You're driving too slowly!
你開車太慢了!

There are too many students in this class. It should be smaller.
班上的學生太多了。我們應該採用小班教學。

This test is difficult enough already!
考試已經夠難了!

1.關於enough
閱讀下面的例子,你會發現,enough有時候位於它所修飾的詞語前。例如:

What do we need for dinner? I think we have enough vegetables, don't we?
晚飯還需要準備些什麼?我覺得蔬菜已經足夠了,不是嗎?

She feels that Tom has more than enough time to help.
她感覺湯姆有足夠的時間來幫忙。

在其他的例子中,enough位於它所修飾的詞語後面,例如:

You should ask John for help he's rich enough to help us all!
你應該向約翰求助,他那麼有錢,一定可以幫到我們的!

I don't think they are smart enough to take that class.
我覺得他們的智商不足以應付這門課。

看一看上面例子中被enough所修飾的詞語。你會發現,enough位於名詞vegetables(蔬菜)和time(時間)的前面,位於形容詞rich(富裕的)和smart(聰明的)後面。如果你不能很好地區分名詞和形容詞,可以回顧一下詞性方面的知識。

a.形容詞+enough
當我們將enough作為副詞使用,用來指代要求的程度或範圍時,直接將enough放在所修飾的形容詞後面

He's not patient enough to understand children.
他在理解孩子方面不夠耐心。

My friend wasn't intelligent enough to take the job.
我朋友不夠聰明,還無法勝任這份工作。

b.副詞+enough
當enough作為副詞來指代要求的程度或範圍時,將enough直接放在它所修飾的副詞後面。

Peter drove slowly enough for us to look at all the houses.
皮特將車開得慢,好讓我們能夠欣賞所有的房子。

The students studied carefully enough to do well on the exam.
為了考出好成績,學生們認真學習。

c.Enough + 名詞
直接將enough放在名詞的前面,從而用來表述該名詞的數量滿足要求。

Do you have enough money for your vacation?
你度假的錢夠嗎?

I'm afraid we don't have enough oranges to make the dessert.
恐怕我們沒有足夠的橙子來做成點心。
你可以通過完成足夠的練習來提高你對以上語法點的認識。

2.關於too
閱讀例子,你會注意到too可以與名詞、形容詞和副詞進行搭配使用。但是,當too和名詞搭配時,後面一般會跟上much或many。是選擇too much還是too many取決於所修飾的名詞是可數名詞還是不可數名詞。

Anna is too concerned about her grades.
安娜非常擔心她的分數。

We have too many books in this room.
我們在這房間里放的書太多了。

There is too much information to learn these days.
這些天要學習的知識太多了。

a.Too + 形容詞
將too放在形容詞的前面,用來表示某事物的數量超過限度了。

He's too angry about that incident.
他對這次事件感到很憤怒。

Mary is too anxious about her cousin.
瑪麗非常擔心她的表妹。

b.Too + 副詞
將too放在副詞的前面,用來表示某人做某事的程度太過了,或者不必要。

That man is driving too slowly. I wonder if he's been drinking.
那個男人開得太慢了。我想知道他是不是在喝酒。

You are speaking too rudely to that man. It's important to be kind!
你對那個男人太粗魯了。友好很重要!

c.Too Much +不可數名詞
將too much放在不可數名詞前面,用來表示某物的數量過多。

We have too much time on our hands this weekend.
這周我們手頭的時間太多了。

You've put too much sugar in the cake.
你在蛋糕里放了太多糖。

d.Too Many +可數名詞
將too many放在可數名詞複數前面,用來表達某物的數量過多。

Franca has too many problems to deal with this week.
弗蘭卡這周的問題太多了。

The boys have bought too many clothes. Let's take some of them back to the store.
這些男孩買的衣服太多了。我們送還一些回店裡吧。